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25 Years On: Prince Of Darkness Revisited
Steve Earles , November 28th, 2012 04:33

Steve Earles rewinds a quarter-century to the second picture in John Carpenter's self-described Apocalypse Trilogy. Warning: spoilers

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Released in 1987, Prince of Darkness is the second part of what director John Carpenter has dubbed his 'Apocalypse Trilogy', which begins with The Thing (1982) and ends with In the Mouth of Madness (1995). Though the three films are different stories and not directly connected, they all deal with a threat that could destroy humanity if allowed to go unchecked.

Prince of Darkness involves a covert Roman Catholic order called the Brotherhood of Sleep. This sect have been watching over a cylinder containing an ancient secret that's been hidden in a church crypt for centuries. When the last guardian dies, Father Loomis (Donald Pleasence, whose character in 1978's Halloween was of course also named Loomis) calls Professor Howard Birack (Victor Wong) to investigate the mysterious entity.

Birack is seen delivering a lecture that undermines what we believe to real: "Say goodbye to classical reality because our logic collapses on the subatomic level into ghosts and shadows... While order does exist in the universe, it is not at all what we had in mind." Among his diverse group of students are Brian Marsh (Jameson Parker) and Catherine Danforth (Lisa Blout), who have fallen in love. This is a seemingly trivial event in the face of the earth-shaking revelations to come, yet in typical Carpenter fashion it will prove to be the most important.

There is a palimpsest in the crypt, its parchments having had their text erased to make room for other writing, with the original entry remaining faintly visible. One of the academics, Lisa (Ann Yen), is an expert on ancient languages and begins to translate the book. She discovers that the liquid in the cylinder is in fact the Son of Satan: 'And the Prince of Darkness was Himself sealed, that old life, called the Devil and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world.' The tome also says that Jesus was of extraterrestrial origin and came to Earth to warn humanity. After his death the Church kept this quiet, preferring to portray evil as a metaphor rather than a corporeal presence.

The Prince of Darkness's essence invades those in the vicinity, so that they can work as his minions. One student is murdered by a 'Street Schizo' (played by Alice Cooper). Another member of the group, Kelly (Susan Blanchard), is bruised. Her bruise forms into the shape of the astrologer's staff, an occult symbol (rock fan Carpenter got the idea for using it from the sleeve of Blue Öyster Cult's classic 1976 LP Agents of Fortune). Kelly has been chosen to be the vessel for the Anti-Christ.

Another message comes from the now-possessed Lisa. She ceases maniacally typing 'I LIVE' on her computer screen, and instead informs those who survive using the same medium: 'You will not be saved by the holy ghost. You will not be saved by the god Plutonium. In fact, YOU WILL NOT BE SAVED!' This scene is clearly inspired by The Shining, and serves to underscore Carpenter's occult/technology theme: the Prince of Darkness is telling the survivors through Lisa that neither science nor religion can save them. The uninfected all share the same dream, beamed directly to their subconscious from the year 1999. It shows a shadowy creature appearing in the doorway of the church. A voice accompanying the vision warns them they are witnessing an event they must prevent from happening: "This is not a dream..."

Carpenter was inspired to write Prince of Darkness by his interest in quantum mechanics. He told biographer Gilles Boulenger: "I'd been doing a lot of reading on theoretical physics and atomic theory, and I found it to be amazing. Not only amazing, but also it was transforming the truth of it all. The point of quantum mechanics is something called 'observer-created reality', which in one bold and terrifying stroke slams at the heart of human perception and its understanding of the objective Newtonian reality. So I thought it would be interesting to create some sort of ultimate evil and combine it with the notion of matter and anti-matter. Since there is a mirror of anti-matter for every particle of matter, I thought it would be great to have an anti-God, namely a mirror opposite of God that would be totally evil. I started from that premise and worked in various ideas."

He was also heavily influenced by English screenwriter Nigel Kneale, who merged the occult and science to great effect, most famously in the venerable Quatermass and the Pit. This is reflected in Carpenter adopting the pseudonym Martin Quatermass as his writing credit. Kneale didn't take this as a compliment and was greatly vexed. (That said, looking at interviews which Kneale gave over the years, he was pretty irritated by everything.) The pair had previously fallen out over the screenplay of Halloween III: Season of the Witch (1982). Nevertheless, the influence of Kneale looms large in Carpenter's filmography. In tribute, the promotional material for Prince of Darkness went as far as inventing the following biographical information: 'Martin Quatermass, born in London, England, is a former physicist and brother of Bernard Quatermass, the rocket scientist who headed the British Rocket Group during the 1950s. Quatermass graduated from Kneale University with a degree in theoretical physics. Prince of Darkness is his first screenplay, and he assures that all the physical principles used in the story, including the ability of subatomic particles to travel backward in time, are true. Author of two novels, Schrödinger's Revenge and Schwarzschild Radius, he currently lives in Frazier Park, California, with his wife, Janet.'

Among the many parallels between Quatermass and the Pit and Prince of Darkness is the opening of an ancient object of extraterrestrial origin that unleashes badness into the world. And the influence the object in the pit has on the susceptible humans is echoed by the creature in the canister's influence on the Street Schizos. Further shared ideas are that of a warning being sent through time (a device also used in Chris Marker's La Jetée, later to be the basis for Terry Gilliam's fine Twelve Monkeys) and the merging of the ancient with the modern: a technological explanation for the theological.

Alice Cooper actually recorded a theme song for Prince of Darkness, though it is only heard briefly in the movie. The soundtrack, as is often the case with Carpenter's pictures, was composed and performed by the man himself in association with Alan Howarth. It's one of their finest, low bass notes providing tension, the antithesis of a typical Hollywood score. The music is there to enhance the visuals, not to spoon-feed our emotions.

Prince of Darkness received poor notices but was a solid commercial success. Contemporary reviews totally missed the point of a smartly constructed and well-acted piece, its deceptively complex script overflowing with subtext. Carpenter uses many motifs from his own body of work. Once again we have a team of professionals fighting a malignant force. There's the resurgence of an ancient evil, as seen in The Thing (a monster previously frozen in ice for thousands of years), 1980's The Fog (undead lepers risen to wreak vengeance), and Lo-Pan's quest in Big Trouble in Little China (1986). An old book provides the key to the mystery, similar to The Fog. The characters are under siege, just like they are in Assault on Precinct 13 (1976), The Fog and The Thing. Their foe cannot be destroyed, only contained (The Thing again). There's the use of the human image to deceive, which was employed to benign effect in Starman (1984) but would later cause trouble in They Live (1988), Village of the Damned (1995) and Ghosts of Mars (2001).

Many other horror themes are present, such as demonic possession; dreams as a gateway to other realities; the genie in a bottle; the return of the repressed; the reanimated dead; evil as an infection; the repulsion of insects; stigmata (Kelly's bruise); the mirror as a gateway to another world, or as a mirror image; and of course the Anti-Christ. Plus the film's depiction of evil as a measurable scientific factor remains daring - perhaps too daring for some, as John Carpenter himself noted: "Critics hated Prince of Darkness at least as much as The Thing. People still deride the movie today. I remain unrepentant."

Remastered by Alan Howarth with new cover art from Sam Smith (below), the Prince of Darkness soundtrack is available on limited edition pale blue vinyl via Death Waltz Recording Company.

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Nov 28, 2012 2:14pm

Really enjoyed reading that. Cheers. I had no idea about the background to it and how influenced Carpenter was by physics.

It's been a few years since I've last watched it but I do remember as a child of about 8 or 9 (watching it on Channel 4 no doubt), it frightened the life out of me.

Less so as I got older but the sequence where the dream gets beamed to their subconscious from the future still feels terrifying and very fresh. And the gradual reveal of the dream is very well done too. And that ending. Chills.

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Nov 28, 2012 8:05pm

The dream sequence in this movie along with its distorted like radio transmission (sampled in Endtroducing by Dj Shadow) has always creeped me out since a kid, even now it sends a slight chill through me. Anyway I always loved this film. Not a classic but pretty good all the same.

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Mat Colegate
Nov 28, 2012 9:53pm

Only watched this recently (shame on me as a self-confessed Carpenter fanatic) and absolutely loved it. Like all the great Carpenter movies the shlock stands proud as great shlock and the genuine chills genuinely chill. I never knew about the depth of Nigel Kneale adoration either, so cheers for this. And, yeah, that dream sequence is thoroughly unnerving.

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Johnny Lobster
Nov 28, 2012 10:35pm

This film is due a reappraisal- I always thought that Carpenter was heavily influenced by Gnostic thought in 'Prince'. The church in the film is called 'Saint Godard's', a nod to Jean-Luc Godard, that carries through in the parodic violence Carpenter uses thoughout the movie.

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Chairman Meow
Jan 30, 2013 11:09am

Very overrated like most of Carpenters work. Pseudo scientific posturing and very cheap looking.

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Mar 26, 2014 3:02pm

I find Prince of Darkness to be a hard movie to watch. I don't know if it is because of the horror or religion or the science. For me it's down right creepy. It is my favorite John Carpenter film and I think it's very smart. If I ever met Carpenter, I just would ask him what the Anti-God would have looked like if he was pulled out of the dark side by his son, Anti-Christ.

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Bill Lynch
May 12, 2014 3:19pm

This movie PRINCE OF DARKNESS is deeply anti-Catholic and contrived hodgepodge of science fiction and the supernatural. There are the usual lame jokes to offset the grisly but overdone scenes of violent gore. There are no sympathetic characters and the premise is simply ridiculous. Carpenter had better get therapy for his hatred of the Catholic Church and stick to movies with slashers escaped from the ward for the criminally insane.

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Oct 19, 2014 2:25am

In reply to Bill Lynch:

I'm struggling to find the anti-catholic message in "The Thing"....?!

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Jan 17, 2015 7:01am

Follow @smartvhf on instagram

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Mar 19, 2015 11:43am

In reply to Chairman Meow:

You eat cock

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Sep 10, 2015 6:25pm

I find this movie hard to watch to this day. I feel this movie, just like "Star Trek: The Motion Picture" and "Altered States" are way ahead of its time. All 3 movies contain: science, religion and horror. I am a fan of Carpenter and "Prince of Darkness" is still my favorite film that he has created.

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Oct 3, 2015 1:11am

While the film will never be considered a masterpiece... It's ahead of it's time (even by today's standards). It's misunderstood. Telling a caveman that an extra-dimensional demon wants his soul would likely evoke the same response. You cannot frighten someone with something they aren't intelligent enough to understand.

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Oct 16, 2015 2:35pm

It was really nice to read your article. While Prince of Darkness has never been among my favorites it sure had been underestimated.

But then... I never understood how the majority of Cthulhu fans could shun 'In the mouth of madness' without really missing-out on an actually good though low-trick-effect approach.

And the German translation sucked. Dukes of Darkness, or was it earls? Anyway 'Fürsten der Dunkelheit' turned singular Prince into plural bunch of nobles... Well, thanks & bye!

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Raelyn Niebur
Dec 6, 2016 7:25pm

Hopefully it posted on Twitter!!! Look for my comment. Itkk be under my e-mail please let me know what you think. Have u seen the trilogy and Jacob's Ladder? Let me know what u think!

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Bill Lynch
Dec 13, 2016 9:46am

In reply to Bill Lynch:

Looking back on my comment, I realize now that the one who truly needs therapy is me.

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